Figs – food that controls blood glucose level

Figs – food that controls blood glucose level
Figs are fruits that are often consumed by many of us; they are naturally found to be rich in vitamins, minerals, fibres, calcium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, sodium, potassium, and chlorine and chlorogenic acids. Dried figs contain both soluble and insoluble fibre; having fibre in our diet is found to lower the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Soluble fibre slows the digestion for appetite and controls the blood sugar level, and also helps in lowering the blood cholesterol levels. Even the leaves of figs are considered to be edible. Research has proved that, the leaves of figs have antidiabetic properties. Figs contain one of the bio-active compounds called chlorogenic acids that play a major role in diabetic mellitus. Chlorogenic acids are polyphenols, which are sensitizers of insulin. They reduce the glucose level in blood by inactivating the enzyme, glucose-6-phosphatase present in the liver, kidneys and intestines; they are the main regulators of glucose production in the liver. The enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase (G6P) liberates glucose from its storage area in the liver, and it advances the formation of new glucose molecules from non-sugar elements, and that process is referred to as gluconeogenesis. Chlorogenic acid hinders glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme that raises the activity of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. The glucose absorption from the intestinal tract is directly inhibited by chlorogenic acid. This mechanism breaks apart complex sugars and enhances their absorption. The common sugars are broken down slowly and this limits the after-meal glucose spikes. Thus, chlorogenic acid present in the fig fruits helps in maintaining lower blood sugar levels and regulating blood glucose levels in patients suffering from diabetes.


How to cite this article:
Annie Simon. Figs – food that controls blood glucose level. BioLim O-Media. 16 February, 2015. 3(2).
Available from: http://www.biolim.com/read/BOMA0074.