Decline in honey bee population - a great threat to farmers and agriculture

Decline in honey bee population - a great threat to farmers and agriculture
Honey bees are not just insects; they play a major role in food production. Honey bees not only produce honey but also help farmers in agriculture through the process called pollination. Pollination is essential for all the flowering plants to get reproduced and fertilized to produce fruits. Nectar of the flowers and pollen are the food source for honey bees. While collecting the nectar from plants, the pollen sticks to the small hairs covering the body of bees and during their flight to another flower the pollen falls on other flower and gets pollinated giving a better fruit yield. The remaining pollen and nectar are stored in the beehives and converted to honey. Honey bees are essential for pollinating plants, such as coffee, almond, lemon, cucumber and watermelon, and more than hundreds of plants need honey bees to get pollinated. Nowadays, the honey bees are getting declined and resulting in a great threat to the farmers and agriculture. Researchers have found that, this decline in bees is due to the increased usage of chemical pesticides and the presence of varroa mites, the blood sucking parasites in the environment that attack honey bees by transmitting virus and causing deformed wings and abdomen. The decline is also due to environmental and habitat changes. This decline in bees' population would affect the food crop production heavily and this may result in food shortage in future.

Avoid chemical pesticides and deforestation to allow bees survival and high food production!!!


How to cite this article:
Team YOUNGWING. Decline in honey bee population - a great threat to farmers and agriculture. BioLim O-Media. 20 , 6-07. 1(3).
Available from: http://www.biolim.com/read/BOMA0035.