Proceedings of National Conference on the Role of Traditional Knowledge in Biodiversity Conservation, Livelihood and Sustainable Development

Preface:
Indigenous and local communities justly cherish the traditional knowledge as a part of their very cultural identities. Maintaining the distinct knowledge systems that give rise to the traditional knowledge can be vital for their future well-being and sustainable development, and for their intellectual and cultural vitality. The traditional knowledge forms a part of the holistic world and is inseparable from their very ways of life, and their cultural values, spiritual beliefs and customary legal systems. Therefore, it is vital to sustain not merely the knowledge, but the social and physical environment of which it forms an integral part. The traditional knowledge should be employed to enhance the knowledge innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles, natural resources and environment. It is generally passed down by word of mouth, for the most part is undocumented. Therefore, there is a need for the traditional knowledge to be repackaged in digital formats. The Government of India in 2001 set up the traditional knowledge digital library as a repository of 1200 formulations of various systems of Indian medicine, such as Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani. This Proceedings contains the collective knowledge that has been discussed in the National Conference on various issues including plants and trees conservation, sensitising the importance of traditional medicine and instilling the nutritional values of traditional foods to the public, preserving the usage of bio or herbal products in beauty care, and creating awareness on the rights over natural resources. This online open access book publication has been made to help the people to address the problems in ecological, economic and social issues in relevant to traditional knowledge in biodiversity conservation, livelihood and sustainable development.

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